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Exkursion des deutsch-kasachischen Projektkonsortiums zu den nordkasachischen Anbaustandorten - Dmitrij Antonov



Co-product utilisation of linseed production: oil-bearing seeds and fibrous straw

11/01/2017 - 06/30/2021

Funding Volume:
€ 699,284.00

Partner Country:

Funding Body:
Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)

The German-Kazakh project LINOKAS focusses on developing a processing method for linseed straw (the by-product of linseed oil production) into an exportable and industrially applicable raw fibre material using technologies that can be implemented locally in Kazakhstan.

Turning problematic waste into a versatile raw material: Kazakhstan is the world's sixth largest producer and exporter of linseed. The continental climate is very favourable for linseed cultivation, which enriches the crop rotations otherwise dominated by summer wheat. The fibrous, persistent stalks – the straw –, however, present farmers with major problems when sowing the following crop in spring. 

There is, at present, no economically attractive use for the straw, which is why the bulk is burnt directly on the fields in a largely uncontrolled manner, releasing substantial amounts of carbon dioxide every year.

Over a period of almost four years, German and Kazakh partners from agriculture, industry, and research are developing specifically adapted processes to produce an industrially usable raw fibre material and, by way of example, a building material from linseed straw. Since the primary product will always be plant’s the oil-bearing seeds, the long-term goal must be a cultivation method that allows to produce seeds and fibres of equally high quality – this is what we are working towards. Several German project partners are supporting us by adapting existing technologies for harvesting, collecting, and locally processing the straw. Completed by variety and storage trials, these efforts cover the premises required to locally produce and market a transportable raw fibre material for export or further processing into an innovative insulation material – thereby achieving value creation in agriculture yet avoiding land competition with food production.

Erste Inaugenscheinnahme des gelieferten Strohmaterials.JPG

The German building materials sector and automotive industry are increasingly interested in natural, environmentally friendly raw materials, one of them being natural fibres. Flax, hemp, and imported fibres are already being used, e.g. for the production of car interior linings. The flax fibres currently used are obtained from fibre flax (genetically identical to oil flax/linseed), which is, however, subject to strong price fluctuations influenced by the textile industry. For this reason, we consider a timely substitution or supplementation with linseed fibres in current production chains to be realistic.

  • Sachsen-Leinen e.V. (Coordinator)

  • TEMAFA Maschinenfabrik GmbH, Bergisch-Gladbach

  • Kluge GmbH, Königswartha

  • Hanffaser Uckermark eG, Prenzlau

  • Leibniz-Institut für Agrartechnik und Bioökonomie e.V., Potsdam (ATB)

  • Maschinen- und Systementwicklung Dr. René Thielicke, Halle

  • Astyk Stem Agricultural Business, Kazakhstan

  • TOO Kazlein, Kazakhstan

  • Institute for Cereal Research 'I.A. Barajew', Kazakhstan



M.Sc. Lovis Kneisel

Dipl. Ing. Dmitrij Antonov

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